In Robertson County, the town was developed in 1868 and was named for the Christopher Columbus Hearne family of Lowndes County, Ala., who moved to Texas and established large cotton plantations. Known as "The Crossroads of Texas," this city lies at the intersection of U.S. 79, U.S. 190 and Texas 6, as well as the state's major east-west and north-south rail lines.
Visitors can drive over two historic through-truss bridges near F.M. 1644 between Hearne and Calvert. The Providence and Wildcat bridges, made from parts of an 1896 bridge in the area, were moved in the 1940s to span the Little Brazos River and have been preserved for use by passenger vehicles.