Originally called Plum Creek, this town is near the site of a fierce battle that took place on Aug. 12, 1840. A volunteer force of settlers and Texas Rangers met a Comanche war party and defeated them at what is called the Battle of Plum Creek. The present city is named for Byrd Lockhart, a pioneer surveyor. The town was a southern terminus of the Chisholm Trail in 1870s. One of Texas' oldest Protestant churches, Emanuel Episcopal Church, built in 1856, is still in use. At Church and Walnut streets.
The city is known for its barbecue. The Texas Legislature named Lockhart the "Barbecue Capital of Texas," and the city's four barbecue establishments are popular with visitors.
The city's largest event, the Chisholm Trail Roundup BBQ and Music Festival, is held during the second weekend in June. Other festivals include the Tolbert Chili Championship, Evening With the Authors, Speaking of the Dead and A Dickens Christmas in Lockhart.